External Applications

Programming Languages

The Void repositories have a number of Python and Lua packages. If possible, install packages from the Void repositories or consider packaging the library or application you need. Packaging your application allows for easier system maintenance and can benefit other Void Linux users, so consider making a pull request for it. The contribution instructions can be found here.

To keep packages smaller, Void has separate devel packages for header files and development tools. If you install a library or application via a language's package manager (e.g. pip, gem), or compile one from source, you may need to install the programming language's -devel package. This is specially relevant for musl libc users, due to pre-built binaries usually targeting glibc instead.

LanguagePackage ManagerVoid Package
Python3pip, anaconda, virtualenv, etcpython3-devel
Python2pip, anaconda, virtualenv, etcpython2-devel
Rubygemruby-devel
lualuarockslua-devel

Restricted Packages

Some packages have legal restrictions on their distribution (e.g. Discord), may be too large, or have another condition that makes it difficult for Void to distribute. These packages have build templates, but the packages themselves are not built or distributed. As such, they must be built locally. For more information see the page on restricted packages.

Non-x86_64 Arch

The Void build system runs on x86_64 servers, both for compiling and cross compiling packages. However, some packages (e.g. libreoffice) do not support cross-compilation. These packages have to be built locally on a computer running the same architecture and libc as the system on which the package is to be used. For building packages, see the building instructions.

Flatpak

Flatpak is another method for installing external proprietary applications on Linux. For information on using Flatpak with Void Linux, see the official Flatpak documentation.

Flatpak's sandboxing will not necessarily protect you from any security and/or privacy-violating features of proprietary software.

Troubleshooting

Some apps may not function properly (e.g. not being able to access the host system's files). Some of these issues can be fixed by installing one or more of the xdg-desktop-portal, xdg-desktop-portal-gtk, xdg-user-dirs, xdg-user-dirs-gtk or xdg-utils packages.

Some Flatpaks require D-Bus and/or Pulseaudio.

Octave Packages

Some Octave packages require external dependencies to compile and run. For example, to build the control package, you must install the openblas-devel, libgomp-devel, libgfortran-devel, gcc-fortran, and gcc packages.

MATLAB

To use MATLAB's help browser, live scripts, add-on installer, and simulink, install the libselinux package.